Do You Need to Use Your Dominant Eye for Archery?

by | May 17, 2023

In a sport where hitting the centre of a target at 30m or more away with a thin projectile is the desired result, it comes as no surprise that when it comes to aiming in archery, choosing the right eye to aim with is a no-brainer. And when I say ‘right eye’, I mean not the ‘wrong eye’, as opposed to the left eye. If you see what I mean.

In archery, the dominant eye does provide a more precise and accurate view of the target, which directly impacts aim and accuracy. But ultimately, the decision to use the dominant or non-dominant eye in archery depends on individual preference, comfort, and results.

Eye dominance determines which eye the brain relies on more heavily for visual input, and in archery, eye dominance will affect how the archer aligns the dominant eye with the aiming device, such as the bow sight or peep sight.

In this article, we’ll take a more detailed look at eye dominance in archery, and why it’s so important when it comes to landing those Xs more consistently.

Do You Need to Use Your Dominant Eye for Archery?

While it is traditionally recommended to match your dominant eye with your shooting hand in archery, it is not an absolute requirement.

In archery, the dominant eye typically lines up with the shooting hand. This method enhances accuracy by enabling improved communication between the dominant eye, pointing, and arrow release. This is predicated on the idea that the dominant eye offers a clearer, more accurate image of the target.

Related: Four Different Ways To Aim In Archery

However, there are cases where an archer may choose to use their non-dominant eye for various reasons. Some archers may find that their non-dominant eye provides better focus or visual clarity when aiming.

Others may have physical limitations or injuries that make using their non-dominant eye more comfortable or practical.

Ultimately, the decision to use the dominant or non-dominant eye in archery depends on individual preference, comfort, and results. Some archers have achieved great success by using their non-dominant eye and adapting their shooting technique accordingly.

It’s also important to note that using the non-dominant eye may require adjustments in aiming techniques, anchor points, and sighting options.

Archers who choose to use their non-dominant eye may need to experiment with different approaches and practice consistently to develop the necessary skills and muscle memory.

What Is Eye Dominance?

Eye dominance refers to the preference of one eye over the other when processing visual information. It plays a crucial role in various activities, including sports, where precise aiming and depth perception is essential.

Right-eye dominance is more common, with approximately 70-90% of the population having a dominant right eye, with left-eye dominance occurring in about 10-30% of individuals.

Understanding one’s dominant eye is crucial for archers to optimize their shooting technique and accuracy.

Eye dominance influences how we align our sights, judge distances, and focus on a target.

Why Is Eye Dominance So Important In Archery?

The primary objective of archery is to hit the target accurately. Aiming plays a vital role in aligning the bow, sight, and arrow towards the desired point of impact.

Understanding how to use your dominant eye is crucial for archers to optimize their shooting technique and accuracy.

Accuracy ensures that the arrow consistently reaches the intended target, whether it’s a traditional bullseye, specific scoring zones, or even specific areas during field or 3D archery.

Eye dominance is also important for:


In archery, consistency refers to the capacity to repeatedly execute the same shot and produce comparable outcomes. Archers can improve muscle memory, good technique, and a consistent shot process by practising consistent aiming.

For competitive archers, maintaining consistency is essential since it reduces arrow placement variability and raises the likelihood of consistently striking the target.

Judging Distance

Archery involves shooting at targets placed at various distances. The brain relies more heavily on the visual input from the dominant eye when processing depth and distance cues. The dominant eye provides a clearer and more accurate view of the target, enhancing depth perception and distance judgment.

Accuracy in judging distances allows for more precise aiming, resulting in better arrow placement and increased chances of hitting the target.

Hunting and Field Archery

In hunting and field archery, aiming and accuracy is essential for ethical and effective shooting. Precise aim ensures clean and humane kills, minimizing the suffering of the targeted game.

In field archery, where archers navigate through different terrain it can often be difficult to judge distance if you don’t focus on engaging your dominant eye.

How To Know Which Eye Is Your Dominant Eye?

Determining your dominant eye is relatively straightforward. Here’s an old-school technique called the “Triangle Test” that can help you identify your dominant eye:

Dominant Eye For Archery

  1. Extend your arms straight out in front of you, with your palms facing away and your thumbs pointing upwards.
  2. Create a triangle by overlapping your hands, leaving a small triangular opening between your thumbs and forefingers.
  3. Look through the triangle with both eyes open and focus on a distant object, such as a doorknob or a spot on the wall.
  4. While maintaining focus on the object, slowly bring your hands back towards your face, keeping your eyes on the target.
  5. As your hands get closer to your face, the triangle will naturally move towards one eye and align with the object you are focusing on.
  6. The eye that the triangle aligns with or “peeks” through is your dominant eye.

It’s crucial to remember that sometimes people may experience varying levels of dominance in certain activities or a more equal level of dominance between their eyes.

If you struggle to identify your dominant eye using this technique, it might be good to speak with an optometrist or an archery instructor who can offer more advice.


While it is commonly recommended to use your dominant eye for archery, it is not an absolute requirement.

You have the flexibility to choose the eye that works best based on individual factors and your personal preferences.

The key to finding the most effective shooting technique lies in achieving accurate aiming, consistency, and comfort, regardless of whether it involves the dominant or non-dominant eye. You should experiment with different approaches, including adjusting your anchor points, sighting options, and aiming techniques, to find what works best for you.

Ultimately, what matters most is your ability to consistently hit the target with precision and accuracy. With practice and adaptation, you can develop the necessary skills and muscle memory to shoot accurately using your chosen eye. Whether it aligns with your dominant eye or not, the goal is to find a shooting technique that allows for optimal performance and enjoyment of the sport!